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Thursday, April 20, 2017

OSU gay frat Δ Λ Φ recruits

OSU Delta Lambda Phi Barometer front page story Oct. 31, 2016

PHOTO: The front page and center spread of Oregon State University's student newspaper featured some of the new members of the colonized in 2016 IFC gay fraternity Δ Λ Φ (aka Delta Lambda Phi) that "focuses on creating a space for men of all sexual orientations and gender expressions to have the traditional Greek experience on campus." (See online version of the weekly print edition of story by Anna Weeks Greek Peek Blog Manager, "Fostering inclusivity - Delta Lambda Phi colonizes at OSU, IFC Fraternity to focus on creating an inclusive environment within the Greek system, support LGBTQ+ community," OSU Barometer weekly print edition, Oct. 31, 2016, p. 1, 8-9) See previous post OSU gay frat Δ Λ Φ organized by student Cory Zimmerman(11/3/16)

The gay OSU fraternity Δ Λ Φ (A.k.a. Delta Lambda Phi) is recruiting new members according to the student newspaper article by Brian Rathbone, News/Sports Chief, "Two smaller fraternities recruit in the Memorial Union Quad," Barometer, posted Apr. 11, 2017. The irony of this headline may be missed by younger students who do not recall the old theory that homosexuals were created by older, perverted men who would prey on boys for sex, who enjoyed it and passed the disease on to younger boys when they grew up to be men.

For more, see home page of the gay OSU Fraternity Phi Delta Theta ΦΔΘ Oregon Beta chapter at Oregon state, 120 Northwest 13th Street Corvallis, OR 97330 and see previous posts:

Friday, April 14, 2017

Local TV news spreads Trump's fake news while claiming it is not

VIDEO: An exact audio copy of a video that is frequently being replayed during the local news broadcasts in both Portland and Corvallis, Oregon, of a man who identifies himself only as "Scott Livingston, vice president of news for this television station." (Posted by Diamond Joe, "Sinclair News Vice President Speaks On The "Danger" Of Fake News," posted Mar 23, 2017)

My local TV news stations have been constantly running the above propaganda on behalf of President Trump, and after learning about the politics behind it, I decided to write the following letter to the editor:

The "national media outlets" are being accused of spreading "fake news" by several local TV news broadcasts, receivable in Corvallis over-the-air, during a frequently replayed video, which is not labeled as opinion or an advertisement, of a man who identifies himself only as "Scott Livingston, vice president of news for this television station."

Livingston also sanctimoniously asks viewers to report directly to him, if they see any fake news on his stations, by using the station's website to contact him.

At first, I erroneously assumed this was a good manager trying to distance himself from President Trump's vicious "fake news" propaganda, but then I was very disappointed to learn that Livingston supported the election of President Trump by cutting a deal with Trump's campaign to broadcast "news" favorable to Trump and derogatory to Hillary Clinton on the hundreds of media outlets he controls nationwide.

Livingston's Sinclair Broadcasting Inc. will financially gain from any deregulation led by Trump, especially the elimination of FCC rules restricting TV station owners - rules originally put in place decades ago to prevent the spreading of government propaganda.

The local TV stations controlled by Sinclair include Eugene's network affiliates CBS Channel 13 KVAL-TV and NBC Channel 16 KMTR-TV, plus Portland's network affiliate ABC Channel 2 KATU-TV, which is receivable in Corvallis via its UHF channel 47 translator.

Like a typical bully, Trump duplicitously spreads "fake news," but then whines like he is a victim when others spread it about him.

(Quoted from Thomas Kraemer, "'Fake news' on local TV?" Gazette-Times, Apr, 14, 2017, p. A8 posted online as "A misleading pitch about fake news")

See the following links:

Rev. Pat Robertson's latest excuse for President Trump's unchristian behavior is that Trrump is a heathan sent by God to save America! (See previous post Anti-gay theocrat worships Trump and promotes sex book on his Christian TV show (1/14/17))

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

New OSU diversity officer Charlene Alexander

OSU diversity officer Charlene Alexander 2017

PHOTO: New Oregon State University chief diversity officer Charlene Alexander received newspaper coverage in article by Staff, "Alexander named OSU's chief diversity officer -- Oregon State University hires new diversity officer," Mid-Valley Sunday Gazette-Times, Apr. 2, 2017, p. A1, A9 posted online as "OSU hires new diversity officer" Apr. 1, 2017 and the OSU student newspaper story Courtesy of OSU News and Communication Press Release, "Charlene Alexander appointed OSU Chief Diversity Officer," OSU Barometer, Apr. 3, 2017, p. 1.

Thomas Kraemer affirmative action letter in OSU Barometer Mar. 13, 2017, p.14

PHOTO: See previous post Affirmative action bake sale at OSU ignores business case for diversity (3/14/17) to read an ADA accessible text copy of my letter, published by the student newspaper, in reaction to the OSU students who joined the national college protests against "affirmative action" by holding a bake sale that used reverse discrimination to determine what price they charged people. Or see the online cloud version of the student newspaper Thomas Kraemer, "Diversity is necessary," OSU Barometer, Mar. 13, 2017, p. 14 ( version), which ironically is not accessible to students who are low vision or blind because it was not also posted online in an HTML text format as has been always done in the past. I contacted the student editor who was unaware of this problem.

"Oregon State University has named Charlene Alexander its chief diversity officer.

"Alexander, who also will hold vice president status, comes to OSU from Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana, where she served for the past four years as associate provost for diversity and director of the university's diversity office. A 20-year faculty member and administrator at Ball State, she starts work in Corvallis on June 30.

"Alexander's OSU responsibilities include guiding institutional diversity, equity, inclusion and social justice throughout the university. She replaces Angela Batista, who had served in the position on an interim basis since Feb. 1, 2016. Batista will resume her previous role of associate provost for student affairs and dean of student life."

(Quoted from Staff, "Alexander named OSU's chief diversity officer -Oregon State University hires new diversity officer," Sunday Gazette-Times, Apr. 2, 2017, p. A1, A9 posted online as "OSU hires new diversity officer" Apr. 1, 2017)

It will be interesting to see if the new director will restore some of the LGBTQII+ programs and staff, or keep it combined with other functions.

Of related interest, see in the latest print edition of the student newspaper the story by Jaya Black-Lazo, "Fighting for social justice," OSU Barometer, Apr. 3, 2017, p. 7-8 , which says, "Community Relations Facilitators work to foster dialogue, promote inclusivity in residence halls."

Tuesday, April 4, 2017

Republicans irresponsibly renege on promises to repeal Obamacare

Cost of Obamacare Businessweek Mar. 27, 3017, p. 41

PHOTO: Chart comparing the cost of health insurance to individuals of different ages and incomes levels that either qualify or do not qualify for a government subsidy, under the existing Obamacare Affordable Care Act (ACA) versus the proposed Trumpcare, which Republicans decided not to vote on in late March and instead chose to keep Obamacare, which they expect will "blowup" on its own so they can blame the Democrats. Key numbers that are shown in the above chart (presumably national averages) say that for a 64-year-old person, with an annual income of $68,200, he or she would receive no subsidy from Obamacare to help pay their health insurance premium that would cost them out-of-pocket $1,275 per month ($15,300 per year) not including deductibles and co-pays. If his or her "household income" was $26,500 per year, then they would only owe $142 per month out-of-pocket for premiums because the government is subsidizing $1,133 per month of the cost. Obamacare can charge the 64 year-old 3 times what a younger person pays, but Trumpcare proposed to allow them to be charged 5 times more. This year, if you make more than $47,520 per year, then you will not get any subsidy from Obamacare. A typical early retiree on Medicare, with a younger spouse who is not yet eligible for Medicare, could easily make this much money from just the sum of both their Social Security checks and company pension checks, and typically their income would be much more because household income also includes earnings on their retirement savings and investments. (My annotations on the above chart were my notes from reading the article by Ben Steverman, "Health Care: Time to Rethink Early Retirement," Businessweek, Mar. 27 - Apr. 2, 2017, p. 40-41, posted online Mar. 23, 2017 as "Want to Retire Early? Good Luck Under Trumpcare".

I am mad as hell at Republicans who reneged on their promise to "repeal and replace" Obamacare, even though I generally support the goals and good intentions of Obamacare, becasue I worry that it will blow up without some critical fixes. I also was counting on the promise that the "Individual Responsibility Payment" penalty if I do not buy Obamacare for a family member will not be charged to me on my next year tax filing, as President Trump has also promised in an Executive Order, which may or may not be upheld by the IRS Tax Court without having been passed by Congress in the form of valid Legislation. I don't understand why Republicans didn't do a quick repeal, even if it took some time to replace it.

I don't want to pay "Individual Responsibility Payment" penalty next year for a family member, whose premiums were $141 per month before Obamacare, but then rose to $241 per month until the health insurance company cancelled all Grandfathered health plans, which forced former policy holders onto the Obamacare Marketplace where the cheapest policy for next year costs more than $600 per month. My only hope now is that an IRS Tax Court will uphold President Trump's Executive Order telling the IRS not to charge people, or hope my income is less than 8.3 percent of the health insurance premiums for next year, which exempts taxpayers from the Obamacare Individual Responsibility Payment.

Under the current law, if our combined household income is over $47,520 per year, we will receive no subsidy from Obamacare, but we still must buy Obamacare, which this year costs over $600 per month in our State just for the premiums, not including the $9500 annual deductible and co-pays out-of-pocket costs before it would pay anything. (Prior to Obamacare, health insurance cost less than $200 per month for a catastrophic plan that was only intended to protect your retirement savings from an unexpected medical problem, instead of comprehensive coverage of small amounts for regular doctor visits.)

Supposedly, President Trump signed an executive order saying we wouldn't be charged for not buying Obamacare, but I can't find a legal copy of it -- the transcript of the video showing him signing it is not clear to me and I am sure that no lawyer would be able to defend his words in court. As a result, I bet there will be an IRS Tax Court case this year to determine if the IRS will be able to force payment of it or not. I watched the Republican's debate on this issue in Congress and nobody supported voting for Trump's Executive Order, so I decided to write the following letter to the editor and also send it to my Democratic Representative:

By choosing to keep Obamacare and not fix it, while expecting it to "blow up," the Republican majority, led by President Trump, is irresponsibly reneging on its campaign promises.

Trump signed an executive order promising individuals would not be charged for not buying Obamacare, but will it be upheld by the IRS Tax Court?

Consequently, Republicans have lost my trust they will not also renege on Trump's promise to let me keep my current Medicare health insurance and Social Security earnings.

(Quoted from Thomas Kraemer, "Letter: GOP reneges on its promises," Gazette-Times, Apr. 4, 2017, p. A6 posted Mar. 27, 2017)

This issue drew some other letters to my local professional newspaper, such as one by, Theo Dreher, "Letter: Additional proof regarding Trump," posted Mar. 27, 2017, who said, "The spectacular political failure (thank heavens!) marked by the March 24 collapse of the Republican effort to repeal or modify the Affordable Care Act is another data point testing the hypothesis that Donald Trump is unfit to be president." Of course, the Trump-tard trolls posted in response some angry comments that evaded the point that Republicans are not taking any responsibility for their actions.

Now that President Trump has reneged on his promises and declared Obamacare to be his choice, the U.S. Census Bureau says 13.1 million Americans, Ages 55 to 64, aren't working and I bet many will be bankrupted by Obamacare, according to on-the-record speeches by U.S. Congressmen during the Trumpcare debate.

Republican congressmen provided two examples in their districts, such as the 65-years-old person, who has a good pension and Social Security check and is on Medicare, but his 60-years-old spouse, who is mandated to buy Obamacare at the marketplace average of $1275 per month, according to Congressional Budget Office numbers.

A second example was the older, small business person, with a spouse bookkeeper for the business, who are facing unaffordable premiums because they earn more than $47,520 per year of household income, which disqualifies them from any Obamacare subsidy.

Obamacare needs to be fixed and it is very irresponsible of the Republicans, who control all branches of the U.S. Government, to be forcing many Americans to buy Obamacare or risk being bankrupted by an unexpected illness.

The only thing I agree with Trump is that Republicans should be punished in the next mid-term elections.

See previous posts:

Monday, April 3, 2017

Using accessibility features of MS OS and IE browser for low vision and color blindness

Two screen shots without (top) and without (bottom) using accessibility feature in MS IE browser for low vision and color blindness

PHOTO: The accessibility features for low vision blindness and color blindness, which are built into the standard Microsoft Windows 7 Internet Explorer Web Browser application, are demonstrated above with two screen shots of the same Google Blogger warning page -- The top screen shot shows the normal tont sizes and colors, which are not accessible to me because my low vision and color blindness prevents me from seeing the headline, "Content Warning," nor the button label saying, "I understand and wish to continue." The bottom screen shot shows the same Blogger warning page while using the Microsoft Internet Explorer browser with some accessibility features turned on, of which are also affected by the Microsoft Windows 7 operating system accessibility features used to increase the screen and font sizes.

As my low vision blindness has been gradually worsening, I have to use more and more of the accessibility features built into the Microsoft Windows 7 operating system and the Microsoft Internet Explorer Web browser application. Until recently, the only changes I needed were to adjust the screen resolution and increase the font sizes, but after my Blue-Orange-Yellow color blindness worsened, to where Blue text looks black to me and Orange or Yellow text are invisible to me, I have also been forced to change the color scheme in both Windows and IE.

For example, in the Microsoft Internet Explorer Web broswer, to help my low vision, I go to the Menu pull eown for Tools -> Internet Options ... General tab -> Accessibility button -> Select Formatting and check Ignore colors specified on webpages, ignore text styles specified on webpages, and ignore font sizes specified on webpages, as seen in the example screen shot above. In addition to doing this, the MS IE browser "Tools" pull down menu also has an Internet Options -> Colors button selection for the text colors and background colors, which I had to optimize to see it best, along with a "Fonts" button to select the default font style "Webpage font: Arial and plain text font "Courier New" for easier reading.

In the Windows 7 operating system, Right clicking on the desktop and selecting Personalize ... will go to the Windows Control Panel -> Appearance and Personalization -> Personalization to select a color theme, where I needed to set up a custom one to maximize my ability to see. I also selected in the Control Panel -> Appearance and Personalization -> Display -> Make the text larger of smaller and set it to 150% to also make it easier to read.

The more complete list of accessibility settings for the Windows Operating system can be found from the Windows Control Panel home page under "Ease of Access -> Ease of Access Center -> Make the computer easier to see. I played with one of the options, "Choose High Contrast Theme," but I have been unable to set it up in a way I can see with my color blindness or that works well with many IE Web pages (e.g. without turning pictures black, etc.) and so I typically leave it off. Note, to turn on or off "High Contrast" for the Windows 7 OS press on the keyboard the alt key, left shift key plus print key simultaneously, which by default gives you a warning and a sound when it changes. This is hard as hell to use and I have been unable to change the colors it uses to ones that I can see.

As a child I saw my grandparents struggle with low blindness and so when I was helping to invent the first Hewlett-Packard personal computers in the 1970's and 1980's with graphic window operating systems, I pitched the idea of accessibility both corporate-wide and to Bill Gates, who was then the young founder of Microsoft. I am grateful the idea was embraced because I never thought I would need it, and in my experience, accessibility, when implemented voluntarily by companies, usually results in more useful aids to the disabled than does any government law or mandate, such as the Americans With Disability Act, which is important, but only nudges the laggards to address accessibility issues.

Monday, March 27, 2017

Non-binary gender OSU student has nothing to do with computer science

Non-binary gender person front page Corvallis Sunday newspaper Mar. 26, 2017, p. A1

PHOTO: The front page of the Corvallis Sunday newspaper featured a story on two Corvallis, Oregon citizens who have a non-binary gender identity, including an Oregon State University doctoral student working toward a Ph.D. degree in nuclear engineering. (See story by Bennett Hall, "A question of identity: Courtney Nicholas becomes Benton County's first non-binary citizen," Gazette-Times, Sun. Mar. 26, 2017, p. A2, A4, A6-A7 posted Mar. 26, 2017)

The word binary was appropriated in the middle 20th Century by mathematicians and computer scientists for referring to the base-2 number system intrinsic to the theoretical mathematics of digital computers, which are built by using a large number of electromechanical relay switches or electronic transistor switches, which can be either turned on or off to represent a binary digit of zero or one, along with a combination of several switches configured with feedback in a way to form a binary flip-flop, which can be flipped back and forth between one of two states as a way to store a single bit of information for a long time. In contrast, humans commonly use the Base 10 number system for counting and for arithmetic calculations, which uses the ten numbers from 0 to 9, probably due to the fact that humans have ten fingers.

Until recently, I've rarely seen the word "binary" used for purposes other than computers, therefore the first time I heard of a non-binary gender identity, I immediately wondered what it had to do with the mathematics of computer science, until after I looked up the word. (See Google define:nonbinary accessed Mar. 27, 2017, which links to the article, "Genderqueer," From Wikipedia accessed Mar. 27, 2017)

Below are some selected quotes from the professional newspaper article shown above:

You've probably never met anyone quite like Courtney Nicholas. Then again, maybe you have.

Nicholas, who likes to be called Court, was named Jackson at birth and was raised as a boy. But at some point it became clear that designation didn't really fit.

"I first realized I was not a male about a year and a half, two years ago," said Nicholas, an 18-year-old Corvallis resident.

For awhile, Nicholas tried presenting as female, but that didn't feel right either.

Then, last June, Nicholas realized there was another option. In a first-in-the-nation ruling, a Multnomah County judge had just granted a petition by Portland resident Jamie Shupe to legally change sex to non-binary, meaning neither male nor female. A Polk County judge granted a similar request in November.

On March 8, Nicholas became the third person in Oregon -- and the first in Benton County -- to be granted non-binary status. . . .

"You can call me non-binary, you can call me genderqueer, you can call me agender or transgender or androgynous," they said. "I just don't see gender as being a big part of my world, my personal identity." . .

The issue has also played out in the controversy over whether to allow transgender people to choose which public restroom to use. Lawmakers in a number of states have introduced legislation that would either allow transgender individuals to use the restroom they feel more comfortable with or require them to use public facilities that match the gender they were assigned at birth. . .

Oregon courts have been split over granting that recognition to non-binary individuals. . .

Late last year a judge in Jackson County Circuit Court refused to grant a non-binary gender petition, saying state law doesn't allow it. But judges in Multnomah, Polk and now Benton County have chosen to interpret the law more broadly, to include an individual's choice not to identify as being on one side or another of the standard binary gender divide. . .

While Court Nicholas may be Benton County's first non-binary resident, they may not be the only one much longer.

Emory Colvin, a 32-year-old doctoral student in nuclear engineering at Oregon State University, filed papers last week in Circuit Court seeking non-binary recognition. Colvin, whose birth name was Emily, was brought up as a girl but didn't really identify as either male or female.

(Quoted from Bennett Hall, "A question of identity: Courtney Nicholas becomes Benton County's first non-binary citizen," Gazette-Times, Sun. Mar. 26, 2017, p. A2, A4, A6-A7 posted Mar. 26, 2017)

Saturday, March 25, 2017

George Weinberg who coined 'homophobia' died at age 87

Frank Kameny, Jack Nichols and George Weinberg riding on Heritage of Pride float

PHOTO: (left to right) Dr. Frank Kameny, Jack Nichols, and Dr. George Weinberg being honored as Grand Marshalls of New York City's 2004 Heritage of Pride Parade. George Weinberg who coined the word 'homophobia' died at age 87. See Dr. George Weinberg, "How Homophobia Became a Word," posted Mar. 23, 2017 and my essay, Thomas Kraemer, "Reviews: 'Society and teh Healthy Homosexual,' by Dr. George Weinberg, 1972, St. Martin's Press, 150 pages " posted November 10, 2003, plus the interview by Jack Nichols, "George Weinberg, Ph.D. - Badpuppy's February Interview," posted Feb. 3, 1997. (Photo courtesy of Randy Wicker -- See previous post Jack Nichols biography with blurb of my book review (2/17/13))

In the essay i wrote for the online publication of Jack Nichols (Thomas Kraemer, "Reviews: 'Society and teh Healthy Homosexual,' by Dr. George Weinberg, 1972, St. Martin's Press, 150 pages " posted November 10, 2003) pleased Dr. Weinberg so much that he took the time to call me and share much more of his thinking with me. A writer for the New York City "Gay City News" was working with George shortly before his death to write a more comprhensive history of how homophobia developed, and an uncompleted portion of it was printed in the same issue as his death announcement. (Dr. George Weinberg, "How Homophobia Became a Word," posted Mar. 23, 2017). Some selected quotes from my essay are below:

Dr. George Weinberg is a straight psychologist who is widely credited with coining the term "homophobia" to describe the fear many people express about homosexuals. His book Society and the Healthy Homosexual caringly described the problem of homophobia and it boldly rejected the prevailing medical opinion that homosexuality was a mental illness.

The title of Weinberg's book humorously mocks an archetypical 1953 book Society and the Homosexual by Gordon Westwood (with introduction by Dr. Edward Glover) that proclaimed, "The [homosexual] man determined to break society will be involved in all kinds of psychopathic crimes; these may seem to have no outward connection with his homosexuality, but a number of seemingly unrelated crimes are often found to have a homosexual origin." Westwood's opinions about society and the "unhealthy homosexual" were widely accepted as being true by virtually all psychiatrists of that era. . .

In Weinberg's book (pp. 132-136) he clearly states, "A colleague of mine, Kenneth Smith, who read a paper of mine on homophobia, did one of the first pieces of research on homophobia that I know of." . . I did an exhaustive computerized and physical page-by-page search for homophobia references in over fifty years worth of archival journals (the professional peer-reviewed journals that all university libraries index and expect to keep forever). The first publication of the word "homophobia" in an archival journal does indeed appear to be Smith's paper. However, it is indisputable that it was Weinberg's book that popularized the concept of "homophobia." . . .

Jack Nichols recalled (in a personal communication, November 2003) making up the word homophobia "out of the blue" and using it in the May 23, 1969 SCREW newspaper column titled "He-Man Horseshit," which he co-wrote with Lige Clarke. In this column, they defined homophobia as "fear of being thought attracted to one's own sex," which is slightly different from Weinberg's 1972 definition, "the fear of homosexuals." Nichols emphasizes that he credits Weinberg for coining homophobia because, "'Lige and Jack' were simply being somewhat flip. We simply came up with the word. The column was an early assault on machismo - - one that predated my major work that Lige inspired me to write: Men's Liberation, (Penguin Books, 1975)." . .

Given the recent brouhaha over the privacy of library records, I was amused to find the old library check out card still in the back of the book. Before this library converted to an electronic checkout system in 1987, patrons printed their name and Social Security number on the card, which was then stamped with a due date and kept by the library until the book was returned. The last checkout was in 1981 to a student that lived in a fraternity according to the student directory.

My old college library had a similar publicly visible checkout scheme. I was too scared in 1973 to sign my name and so I recall reading Society and the Healthy Homosexual while sitting in the library. I couldn't "steal" it as many 60's radicals recommended because everybody was physically searched at the exit. Today, electronic tags bound into the book spines will trigger an alarm at the exit. Library records may be "private" now, but government mandated library software programs censor and keep track of everything kids read. This is progress? . . .

one peer-reviewed scientific study found that men who have a negative view of homosexuals get more erections while viewing homosexual pornography than other men. In other words, homophobes are sexually aroused by gay sex. (H.E. Adams, et al., (1996) "Is homophobia associated with homosexual arousal?" Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 440-445) . . .

Another study tested the hypothesis that aggressive homophobic behavior occurs in men who are conflicted by simultaneous feelings of arousal and anger over homosexuals. This finding may explain why homophobes, such as Fox News host Bill O'Reilly, heatedly demand that homosexuals "keep it private" and stay in the closet. The mere presence of gay people may cause sexual arousal in homophobes, which makes them violently angry. (Jeffrey A. Bernat, et al., (2001). "Homophobia and physical aggression toward homosexual and heterosexual individuals," Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110, 179-187) . . .

A recent study found homophobia to be a "disgust" reaction instead of a "phobia." These researchers believe homophobia is psychologically closer to racism. (University of Arkansas psychologists presented this finding at the June 2002, American Psychological Society convention, New Orleans . . .

Racism and homophobia are equally wrong but are worse when they occur together. U.K. activist Peter Tatchell's essay "Homophobia: Why can blacks bash gays?" (New Statesman, 14 October 2002, pp.14-15) discusses "the crushing strength of black homophobia." Twenty-five mostly black fans of reggae anti-gay lyrics, such as "Kill the batty boy" and "Kill the chi chi men," recently kicked and punched Tatchell for protesting this hate music. . .

Anti-gay religious training also breeds homophobia. A recent scientifically sampled campus-wide study at Texas A&M measured this relationship as part of a larger study about the acceptance of women at this formerly all-male, all-military school. Unlike previous studies, this one looked to see if the 18 to 19 year old students that were raised in more conservative religions were more homophobic than other students. The authors' multi-variable statistically significant results confirmed this hypothesis. However, the authors found highly homophobic persons even in liberal religions, which means that religious training is not the sole cause of homophobia. Consistent with President Bush's beliefs and most religious teaching, homophobic Texas A&M students typically do not support discrimination against gay people, but they also believe that homosexuality is immoral and dangerous to the family. This type of homophobia would explain why so many people oppose gay marriages and gay clerics while they simultaneously oppose discrimination. (Barbara Finlay, Carol S. Walther, "The Relation of Religious Affiliation, Service Attendance, and Other Factors To Homophobic Attitudes Among University Students," Review of Religious Research, Vol. 44, No. 4, June, 2003) . . .

In Chapter 4, "The Healthy Homosexual," Weinberg said that a higher percentage of "gay liberation leaders" had never suffered from guilt. Later research confirmed this idea. (Walter G. Stephan, "Parental relationships and early social experiences of activist male homosexuals and male heterosexuals," Journal of Abnormal Psychology (1973) 52:3, 502-513. The "activists" in this study were gay men in Jack Baker's University of Minnesota FREE (Fight Repression of Erotic Expression) group, which I joined in 1972.) . . .

Also in Chapter 5, Weinberg talks about "Communication with Parents." He quotes the notorious 1968 book by Peter and Barbara Wyden, Growing up Straight, which remains popular with ex-gay groups. The late Peter Wyden is the father of Oregon's U.S. Senator Ron Wyden. Not long after Wyden wrote this book he committed Ron's brother to a mental institution. (Including a brief stay at the famous Menninger Clinic) It is unclear why Peter Wyden was so obsessed with raising two "straight" sons that he would write a book about it. Are Wyden's sons gay? . .

I would like to share three of the many tributes to George Weinberg that I stumbled across while reviewing thirty years of homophobia literature:

L. Page "Deacon" Maccubbin, who recently purchased the legendary "Oscar Wilde Bookshop" in New York City, told The Washington Post about how he opened his first gay bookstore in 1974. He specifically mentioned George Weinberg's book as being pivotal in his success. He added that gay bookstores were important because regular bookshops didn't carry them and people didn't check out library books - - they stole them. (The Washington Post, "Bookseller's Success Speaks Volumes: Lambda Rising Owner Helped Bring Gay Literature Out of the Closet," April 2, 2003, Nation, page C01)

The second one, a history of the pioneering lesbian group Daughters of Bilitis, credited, among other things, George Weinberg's speech on the dangers of psychoanalysis at the 1965 ECHO (East Coast Homophile Organizations) convention for causing their publication The Ladder to question the illness model of homosexuality and to refocus on "homophobia" as being the primary problem. (Kristin Gay Esterberg, "From Illness to Action: Conceptions of Homosexuality in The Ladder, 1956-1965," The Journal of Sex Research, Feb. 1990, 27:1, pp. 65-80)

The third one, Arthur Evans, who helped start the Gay Activists Alliance in 1969, credited "George Weinberg, a straight psychologist," for regularly attending GAA meetings and for coining the word "homophobia" after watching with fascination the group's "zaps" and "media responses." Evans said this was an "example of how theory can be rooted in practice." (Arthur Evans, "The Logic of Homophobia," Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide, Summer 2000, 7:3)

(Quoted from Thomas Kraemer, "Reviews: 'Society and teh Healthy Homosexual,' by Dr. George Weinberg, 1972, St. Martin's Press, 150 pages " posted November 10, 2003)